Gene Drives on the Horizon Advancing Science Navigating Uncertainty and Aligning Research with Public Values

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Gene Drives on the Horizon: Advancing Science, Navigating Uncertainty, and Aligning Research with Public Values
Board on Life Sciences; Division on Earth and Life Studies; National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
English | NAS Press | 2016 | ISBN: 0309437873 | 231 pages | PDF | 7 MB
This volume outlines the state of knowledge relative to the science, ethics, public engagement, and risk assessment as they pertain to research directions of gene drive systems and governance of the research process. The book offers principles for responsible practices of gene drive research and related applications for use by investigators, their institutions, the research funders, and regulators.
Research on gene drive systems is rapidly advancing. Many proposed applications of gene drive research aim to solve environmental and public health challenges, including the reduction of poverty and the burden of vector-borne diseases, such as malaria and dengue, which disproportionately impact low and middle income countries. However, due to their intrinsic qualities of rapid spread and irreversibility, gene drive systems raise many questions with respect to their safety relative to public and environmental health. Because gene drive systems are designed to alter the environments we share in ways that will be hard to anticipate and impossible to completely roll back, questions about the ethics surrounding use of this research are complex and will require very careful exploration.
Contents
Preface
Summary
1 Introduction
2 The State of Knowledge of the Molecular Biology, Population Genetics, and Ecology of Gene-Drive Modified Organisms
3 Case Studies to Examine Questions About Gene-Drive Modified Organisms
4 Charting Human Values
5 Phased Testing and Scientific Approaches to Reducing Potential Harms of Gene Drives
6 Assessing Risks of Gene-Drive Modified Organisms
7 Engaging Communities, Stakeholders, and Publics
8 Governing Gene Drive Research and Applications
9 Gene Drives on the Horizon: Overarching Considerations
Glossary
Acronyms
Appendix A Agenda for the Workshop on the Science, Ethics, and Governance Considerations for Gene Drive Research
Appendix B List of Gene Drive Webinars
Appendix C Mosquito Control Strategies
Appendix D Rodent Control Strategies
Appendix E A Brief History of Ecological Risk Assessment
Appendix F Biographical Sketches of Committee Members
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